Natural Health Product

The definition of a natural health product has two components: one functional and the other relating to the substance. "Functional" component refers to the definition of a natural health product that aims substances manufactured, sold or represented to be used for:

Diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of a disease, disorder or abnormal physical state or its symptoms in humans;

In restoring or correcting organic functions in humans;

In modifying organic functions in humans, such as modifying those functions in a manner that maintains or promotes health.

Moreover, the "substance" component refers to the medicinal ingredient in the natural health product.

It is understood by natural health product (NHP):

  • medicinal herbs
  • homeopathy, gemmotherapy, lithotherapy, oligotherapy et others
  • traditional remedies (p. ex. Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ayurveda)
  • probiotics
  • vitamins and minerals
  • other ingredients such as amino acids and essential fatty acids.

How are they regulated in Canada ?

All natural health products (NHPs) marketed in Canada are subject to the Food and Drugs Act. Regulations on natural health products requires individuals to obtain a product license before selling a Natural Health Product (NHP) in Canada. To obtain a license, individuals must present a product license application to the Directorate Natural Health Products Directorate (NHPD). The application must include sufficient information to allow the NHPD to assess the safety, quality and efficacy of the NHP when used under the recommended conditions of use.

And if I do not comply ?

Health Canada may at any time inspect facilities and suspend or cancel the product or site license if it has reasonable justification to believe that this is necessary to prevent injury to the health of the purchaser or consumer of a natural health product. In addition, Health Canada may at any time suspend the authorization to sell or import a natural health product, and requires the owner to recall the product.

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